Nursing Interventions for Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizotypal personality disorder is a personality disorder with reduced ability to carry out the interpersonal relationship of cognitive distortion, resulting in disturbances in thought patterns, appearance, and behavior.

People with this disorder feel extreme discomfort with maintaining close relationships with people, and therefore they often do not. People who have this disorder may display peculiar manners of talking and dressing and often have difficulty in forming relationships. They typically have few, if any, close friends, and feel nervous around strangers although they may marry and maintain jobs.

Cause of schizotypal personality disorder is unknown. Genes are thought to be involved because this condition is more common in relatives of schizophrenics.

Common signs of schizotypal personality disorder include:
  • Discomfort in social situations
  • Inappropriate displays of feelings
  • No close friends
  • Odd behavior or appearance
  • Odd beliefs, fantasies, or preoccupations
  • Odd speech

Talk therapy is an important part of treatment. Social skills training can help some people cope with social situations. Medicines may also be a helpful addition.

The communications strategy for clients who have a personality disorder include:
  • Create a declaration affirming reality.
  • Limit discussions on concrete topics and are well known clients.
  • Do not try to give logical thinking as opposed to the client.
  • Discuss topics that are not controversial issue.
  • Acknowledge the fear and pain experienced by the client.
  • Give peace a gentle if these perceptions create fear.

Nursing Interventions for Schizotypal Personality Disorder :
  1. Help clients identify problems and areas of concern.
  2. Encourage clients to identify problems without labeling him know someone else is bad.
  3. Ask the client to discuss all the unmet needs and help clients to decide which is most important.
  4. Help clients identify behaviors that are useful to address the problem situation, eg to refrain from labeling others or ourselves a bad one.
  5. Teach the client and give the opportunity to practice the skills issue resolution, social skills and communication.
  6. Individualized therapy:
  • Work to build relationships with clients.
  • Establish a trusting relationship
  • Encourage clients to learn and practice decision-making
  • Provide support and strive to maintain the client run the function comfortably.

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